Group for Research in Organisational Evolution
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Thorstein Veblen 

"The outcome of any serious research can only be to make two questions grow where only one grew before."




Charles Darwin

"... the theory of Natural Selection ... implies no necessary tendency to progression."





Alfred Marshall

“... facts by themselves are silent. Observation discovers nothing directly of the actions of causes, but only of sequences in time.”



Albert Einstein

“It is the theory that describes what we can observe.”



 Willam James 

“Habit is thus the enormous fly-wheel of society, its most precious conservative agent.”




Douglass North

"The development of more efficient economic organization is surely as important a part of the growth of the Western World as is the development of technology, and it is time it received equal attention."



 Richard Nelson and Sidney Winter

"routines play the role that genes play
in biological evolutionary theory"



 J Stanley Metcalfe

"Evolutionary theory is a manner of reasoning in its own right ... biologists ... simply got there first"


Welcome to the GROE website


Francesca Gagliardi, Ugo Pagano, Geoff Hodgson, Andrew Schotter, and Denise Dollimore, in Jinan, China, 2010.

What is GROE?

The Group for Research in Organizational Evolution (GROE) is one of the established research units within the University of Hertfordshire Business School, in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.

It is an interdisciplinary research unit, building on cutting-edge research in institutional economics, evolutionary economics, sociology, management, complexity studies, law, philosophy, psychology, evolutionary biology and other disciplines.

Our core research is into the nature of business organisations, how they evolve, and how they depend on supporting institutions. 


Key current research themes include

·         the nature and boundaries of the corporation,

·         the relative importance in business evolution of organisational adaptation versus competition and elimination,

·         corporate social responsibility,

·         knowledge transfer between organisations,

·         organisational routines,

·         organisational evolution and the costs of change,

·         the effects of different institutional environments and organisational complementarities,

·         institutions and economic development.


GROE hosts the Journal of Institutional Economics, published by Cambridge University Press. In 2012 the Journal of Institutional Economics was first listed on the Social Science Citations Index of Thomson-Reuters. With a current citation impact score of 0.551, it continues to rank higher than several other well-established and comparable journals. Click HERE for details.

GROE members are active in the World Interdisciplinary Network for Institutional Research (WINIR).

GROE replaced the Centre for Research in Institutional Economics (CRIE) in 2009. CRIE was formed in 1999 and continued until 2009. Four research-active staff were linked with CRIE in RAE 2008, and it has been associated with a number of past and current PhD students. CRIE ran ten annual International Workshops on Institutional Economics and several other events.

This website was last updated on 27 October 2015.