Group for Research in Organisational Evolution
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Thorstein Veblen 

"The outcome of any serious research can only be to make two questions grow where only one grew before."




Charles Darwin

"... the theory of Natural Selection ... implies no necessary tendency to progression."





Alfred Marshall

“... facts by themselves are silent. Observation discovers nothing directly of the actions of causes, but only of sequences in time.”



Albert Einstein

“It is the theory that describes what we can observe.”



 Willam James 

“Habit is thus the enormous fly-wheel of society, its most precious conservative agent.”




Douglass North

"The development of more efficient economic organization is surely as important a part of the growth of the Western World as is the development of technology, and it is time it received equal attention."



 Richard Nelson and Sidney Winter

"routines play the role that genes play
in biological evolutionary theory"



 J Stanley Metcalfe

"Evolutionary theory is a manner of reasoning in its own right ... biologists ... simply got there first"


Prospective PhD Students

Studying for a PhD in the Group for Reseach in Organisational Evolution


Academic staff members of GROE will be pleased to hear from anyone wishing to study for a PhD under our supervision. The University of Hertfordshire regulations allow PhD study in both full-time and part-time modes. The PhD is dissertation-based, with only a few course attendance requirements. The dissertation is up to 80,000 words, must contain original research, and should be completed within 3-4 years (full time) and 6-8 years (part time).


For details of fees and enrolment procedures email, Room R312, University of Hertfordshire, De Havilland Campus, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, UK.


If you wish to apply for admission on the PhD programme, then you should send your CV and a research proposal of about 2,000-6,000 words explaining your proposed research topic and methodology to your proposed supervisor. Naturally, we favour proposals that are closest to our own areas of expertise.


Unfortunately, financial scholarships to support PhD students are very limited and most my PhD students are self-funding. However, under some conditions self-funded students may be charged reduced fees.